January 25, 2022

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Researchers say water was discovered under the surface of Mars

Researchers say water was discovered under the surface of Mars

Found “large amounts of water” under the surface Mars.

From European Space Agency (ESA) in a Russian space agency Roscosmos’ ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter has reportedly spotted water in the Valles Mainres Valley system.

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in the current situationThe water was detected using the Precision Neutron Orbital Gas (TGO) Tracker (FREND), which can detect hydrogen in the highest meter on Earth, according to the European Space Agency.

“FREND has detected an area with an unusually high amount of hydrogen in the vast Valles Marineris Valley system: assuming that the hydrogen we see is bound to water molecules, it appears that 40% of the near-surface material in this area is water,” said Igor Mitrofanov of a research institute. Space of the Russian Academy of Sciences in a statement.

Mitrofanov, Principal Investigator at the Friend Neutron Telescope, who is also the study’s lead author, Published online November 19 in Ikarus.

He and his colleagues analyzed FREND observations, ranging from May 2018 to February of this year, which determined soil hydrogen content by detecting neutrons rather than light. The process provides higher spatial accuracy than previous measurements.

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The area is roughly the size of the Netherlands, according to the European Space Agency, and overlaps the deep valleys of a site called Candor Chaus.

Located south of the equator of Mars, Valles Marineris is the largest known valley in the Solar System. NASA says It would extend the distance from New York to California – about 2,000 miles in length – and about 20% of the full distance around the Red Planet.

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Co-author Alexei Malakhov, also of the Space Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences, explained that they believe that water “most likely exists in the form of ice, and not water that is chemically bound to other minerals in the soil.”

“This finding is a great first step, but we need more observations to know for sure what water we’re dealing with,” said study co-author Håkan Svedhem. ESA’s ESTEC in the Netherlands and a former ESA project scientist for the ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter, he said.

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While water is already known to exist on Mars, the European Space Agency has indicated that most of it is found as ice in the planet’s cold polar regions.

“Knowing more about how and where water is on Mars today is essential to understanding what happened to once plentiful Martian water and helps us search for habitable environments, possible signs of past life and organic matter from the early days of Mars,” he said. . Colin Wilson, ESA’s ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter project scientist.