The United Nations World Meteorological Organization says 2023 will be the hottest year on record In a new report. Global temperatures were about 1.4°C warmer than the 1850-1900 temperature, which the World Meteorological Organization uses as a baseline for pre-industrial global temperatures.
Before 2023, 2016 and 2020 were the hottest years on record. “This year, communities around the world have been hit by fires, floods and scorching temperatures. Record global heat should send shivers down the spine of world leaders,” the World Meteorological Organization report quoted UN Chief Executive António Guterres as saying. The World Meteorological Organization expects 2024 to be warmer than this year.
A cacophony of lost records
According to the World Meteorological Organization, there is a “deafening cacophony of broken records.” Observed greenhouse gas concentrations have already reached a record high in 2022, and preliminary numbers for 2023 show a further increase. The concentration of carbon dioxide in the air is now 50% higher than it was before industrialization. Ocean and surface water temperatures have also reached record levels.
It is possible that half of the glaciers will disappear before the end of this century
On average, sea levels around the world are rising faster than they have since measurements began in 1993. The past decade has shown an increase twice as fast as the first decade of 1993. The World Meteorological Organization is also seeing a strong decline in ice across the world.
The extent of the ice caps at the poles is much lower than normal levels. Glaciers in North America and Europe are also melting at a high rate. As an example, the World Meteorological Organization cites Switzerland’s glaciers, 10 percent of which have melted in the past two years. It is possible that half of the glaciers will disappear before the end of this century. The researchers recently wrote that Greenland’s glaciers are melting faster than expected.
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Extreme weather, food safety, and immigration
“Greenhouse gases are at record levels. Our global temperature is at a record high. Sea level rise is at record levels. Sea ice in Antarctica is at a record low,” said World Meteorological Organization Secretary-General Petteri Taalas. These are more than just statistics. We risk losing the race to save our glaciers and stop sea level rise. We cannot return to the climate of the twentieth century, but we must act now to reduce the risk of an increasingly unlivable climate in this century and the centuries to come.
According to Talas, extreme weather conditions such as floods, hurricanes, extreme heat, drought and forest fires destroy people’s lives every day. For example, southern Europe and North Africa experienced an intense heat wave in the second half of July. In Italy, temperatures peaked at 48.2 degrees Celsius, and record temperatures were recorded in Tunisia (49 degrees Celsius), Agadir (50.4 degrees Celsius) and Algeria (49.2 degrees Celsius). In Canada, wildfires since mid-October have destroyed more than six times the average for the period from 2013 to 2022.
The World Meteorological Organization wrote that weather and climate risks have exacerbated food security issues and the displacement of groups of people, with a significant impact on vulnerable populations.
The World Meteorological Organization will publish the report during the opening of the climate summit, which begins on Thursday. The intention is for world leaders to conclude more agreements to limit global warming to 2 degrees Celsius, preferably 1.5 degrees Celsius. UN Secretary-General Guterres called on leaders to commit to taking urgent action.
“We have the roadmap to limit global temperature rise and prevent the worst climate chaos. But we need leaders to start racing at the UN Climate Change Conference (COP28) to keep the 1.5°C limit alive.
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