A well-preserved 17th-century shipwreck off the south English coast in 2019 appears to be the Dutch warship Kleine Hollandia, made by Dutch and British archaeologists. Known Friday. Klein-Hollandia fought all the major naval battles of the Second Anglo-Dutch War, which was fought between 1665 and 1667 and was won by the Seven United Republic of the Netherlands.
In 2019, recreational divers discovered the wreck at a depth of 32 metres, but so far it is not clear which ship it was. After years of archival research, analyzing tree rings in the ship’s wood, and collecting historical evidence from the sea floor, researchers can almost certainly say it was the Klein-Hollandia.
Given that the wreck is so well preserved, the researchers hope the discovery will provide many new insights into how Dutch ships were built in the 1600s. Much of the hull, fine Italian pottery and cannons, among other things, were found on the sea floor. Martin Manders, professor of marine archeology at Leiden University, said: Radio NOS 1 Magazine. “Then you see them sparkling like this and that’s great,” continued Manders, who was also involved in the research.
Crashed after a sudden English attack
The ship was built in 1656 and was owned by the Admiralty of Rotterdam. After enduring many naval battles during the Second Anglo-Dutch War, the Kleine Hollandia was badly damaged by an English surprise attack near the Isle of Wight twelve years after it was built. The ship crashes. According to historians, this attack on Klein Holland contributed to the outbreak of the Third Anglo-Dutch War. By studying the wreckage, researchers hope to find out exactly what happened during the attack that sank the Klein Hollandia.
Historically relevant wrecks are regularly found in the North Sea and on the south coast of England, because the Netherlands, England, Spain and France, among others, met regularly in naval battles in that area. For example, it was announced last summer That shipwreck found in 2007 was the famous English warship HMS Gloucester, which sank in 1682 with King James II on board.
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