Arctic ice continues to shrink, according to the report: between 1979 and 2020, the Arctic lost an ice area about six times the size of Germany (more than two million square kilometers). Ice has fallen 12.89 percent per decade since 1979. The lowest jobs have been recorded in the past two years. The report warns that further Arctic sea ice melt could contribute to regional warming, erosion of Arctic coasts and changing the global weather picture.
The report notes the worst consequences: warming world seas and melting land ice are causing sea levels to rise, in the Mediterranean by 2.5 mm per year and worldwide to 3.1 mm. As an example of the imminent consequences, the report gives the flooding of Venice in November 2019, when the water level rose to 1.89 metres. Warming oceans also mean that marine animals are seeking cooler waters or have fewer stocks.
Another idea: the extreme fluctuations caused by heat and cold waves in the North Sea are directly related to changes in fishing. This includes lobsters, northern lobsters, sea bass, and northern lobsters.
“Climate change, environmental pollution and overexploitation have put unprecedented pressures on the oceans,” Karina von Schekmann, chair of the State of the Oceans report, said in a statement accompanying the report.
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