The vast Valles Marineris Valley has been revealed in stunning new images captured by the European Space Agency’s Mars Express.
The valley of the Red Planet is 2,485 miles long, more than 124 miles wide, and more than 4 miles deep, making America look pretty bleak by comparison. Vallis Marineris stretches from the northern tip of Norway to the southern tip of Sicily.
The new image shows two trenches, or chasma, that make up the western part of Valles Marineris. On the left is the Loop Chasma which is 521 miles long and on the right is the Tithonium Chasma which is 500 miles long.
The image uses data from the High Resolution Stereo Camera (HRSC) aboard the Mars Express and is a “true color” image, meaning it shows what the human eye would see if it were on this part of Mars.
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This skewed perspective view of Tithonium Chasma (pictured above), which is part of the Valles Marineris valley structure on Mars, was created from the digital terrain model, analog channels and color of the high-resolution stereo camera on the European Space Agency’s Mars Express. .
The Red Planet’s massive valley has been revealed in new images released by the European Space Agency. The new image shows two trenches, or chasma, that make up the western part of Valles Marineris. On the left is Lus Chasma which is 521 miles long and on the right is the Tithonium Chasma which is 500 miles long
The Red Planet’s canyon is 2,485 miles long, more than 124 miles wide, and more than 4 miles deep, making America’s Grand Canyon look lousy by comparison.
The Tethonium Chasma image shows parallel lines and debris (top right) indicating a recent landslide.
Above is an illustration of a tilted view of the giant Valles Marineris Valley system on Mars. The canyons were formed by a combination of geological faults, landslides, wind erosion and ancient water flows.
In terms of altitude, the highest mountain in the Alps, Mont Blanc – rising more than 15,000 feet above sea level – would be a dwarf if placed in the Tithonium Chasma.
Unlike the American Grand Canyon, which formed about 5 million years ago when the Colorado River eroded, the Red Planet’s massive canyon is believed to have formed due to the erosion of tectonic plates.
At the top of Tithonium Chasma, a patch of dark sand – which may have come from a nearby volcanic area – creates a color contrast in the image.
Next to the dark sand dunes are two light-colored hills, one of which is divided by the upper picture frame.
This image, taken by Mars Express, shows a perspective view of Mesa in regions east of Valles Marineris, the solar system’s largest canyon.
The red planet’s massive Valles Marineris—which covers about a quarter of the planet’s circumference—is visible at the top (center) in this image from the Granger group.
Loop and Tithonium Chasmata can be seen above. The area marked in the dark white box represents the area captured by the Mars Express High Resolution stereo camera while rotating on April 21, 2022.
Mars: the basics
Mars is the fourth planet from the sun, with a cold, dusty, almost dead desert world with a very thin atmosphere.
Mars is also a dynamic planet with seasons, polar ice caps, valleys, and extinct volcanoes, which indicates that it was more active in the past.
It is one of the most explored planets in the solar system and the only planet that humans have sent their rovers to explore.
A day on Mars is just over 24 hours and a year is 687 Earth days.
facts and figures
orbital: 687 days
Surface: 144.8 million square kilometers
distance from the sun: 227.9 million km
gravity: 3721 m/s²
Beam: 3389.5 km
moons: Phobos, Deimos
These hills are actually gigantic, reaching over 9,800 feet in height. For perspective, Mount Hesperus in Alaska, the highest peak of the Revelation Mountains, rises 9,828 feet.
The surface of the ridges are severely eroded by strong Martian winds: a typical average wind speed on the Red Planet is 125 miles per hour, with gusts of up to 300-375 miles per hour.
A series of small outcrops can be seen between the large hills.
Mars Express previously found hydrated sulfate minerals in this area, according to the European Space Agency.
The space agency says this suggests that the bulges formed when the fluid that once filled the fissure evaporated — but that point has been debated by scientists.
The European Space Agency says in pronunciation.
This designation can also be seen in the topographic image below.
The ESA explains that “the landslide was caused by the collapse of the valley wall on the right, and it is likely that it occurred relatively recently because it was not severely eroded.”
“The Evil Land of Ius Chasma is just as wonderful.
“When tectonic plates break, they appear to have caused the formation of jagged triangles of rock that resemble a row of shark teeth.”
Over time, the rock formations collapsed and eroded.
The European Space Agency’s Mars Express rover has orbited the Red Planet since 2003 to conduct a variety of science experiments, including imaging the surface of Mars, mapping minerals, determining atmospheric composition and circulation, and exploration under the crust.
It was also NASA’s Mars Perseverance Rover exploration The Red Planet for about a year and a half. The US space agency wants to send people to Mars by 2030.
SpaceX founder Elon Musk has always said that humans must colonize Mars and become a multi-planetary species in order to maintain and expand consciousness in the universe.
Pictured above: a color-coded topographic image of Ius and Tithonium Chasmata, which is part of the Mars’ Valles Marineris Canyon structure, created from data collected by ESA’s Mars Express.
In the image above, a computer illustration of the Valles Marineris Valley on the Red Planet, the largest valley in the Solar System
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